Post Operative Instructions after Elbow Arthroscopy
Helpful Hints & Important Precautions for Patients
- You may resume clear liquids and light foods after surgery (jello, soup, etc.)
- Progress to your normal diet as tolerated as long as you are not nauseated.
- Before surgery you will be offered a nerve block which helps greatly with pain control and decreases your need to take narcotic medications. It is important to begin taking your pain pills before this medicine wears off.
- This first medication I use is Norco which is a strong narcotic pain medication. It will begin to work within 15 minutes after taking it with a maximal effect in one to two hours. Normally, Norco is taken every 1 pill every 6 hours but if the pain is severe, it can be used every 2 pills every 4 hours.
- Common side effects of the medication are nausea, constipation, itching, and drowsiness.
- The best way to prevent nausea is to take the medicine with a little food, start with just one pill, and be patient while the medicine begins to work. Usually, after the first few doses the nausea will go away. I also prescribe an anti-nausea medication called Zofran (Odansetron) to be taken if you have persistent nausea after surgery.
- I strongly recommend you take an over-the-counter stool softener starting the day of surgery such as Colace 100 mg 2 tablet a day and a laxative such as Miralax to avoid constipation.
- Take Benadryl one half hour before your narcotic if you experience itching.
- You will also be given a prescription for Naprosyn which is a strong anti-inflammatory medication. Take this twice a day with food in addition to the Norco. Both medications with work synergistically in pain relief.
- Transition from Norco to Tylenol as your pain subsides, but pay attention to the dosage as Norco has 325 mg of Tylenol in each pill. Patients with normal liver function should not consume more than 4000 mg of Tylenol per day.
- All non-narcotic medications will be called in to your pharmacy prior to surgery.
Bandages & Sling:
- Keep your post-operative splint clean and dry. You will remove it 2 days after your surgery so that we can begin range of motion exercises.
- Your incisions are closed with non-absorbable stitches. Cover the incisions with band-aids after you remove the dressing.
Washing & Sling:
- You should be careful to keep the wound clean and dry for the first 48 hours after surgery.
- Beginning on the 2nd day after surgery it is OK to shower as long as the incisions are kept dry with plastic wrap. Remove the wrap after showering.
- Do not take a bath until after the first post-operative visit.
- Avoid submerging your arm under water until two weeks after surgery.
Ice & Activity:
- One important goal following surgery is to minimize swelling around your surgery site. The best way to achieve this is with the frequent application of ice. This is most important during the first 48 hours following surgery. The ice pack should be large (like a big zip-lock bag) and held firmly on the area of your surgery. Apply for 15 minutes every hour while awake if possible.
- Remember we did not do any repairs so you can not hurt your elbow by moving it. I encourage you to move your arm as much as possible as this will improve your chances of an early recovery and decrease your chances of developing stiffness.
- Work on touching your hand to your nose and ear to keep your flexion and use your other hand to gently push your arm into extension.
- Occasionally I will order a CPM machine that will passively move your arm for you. Begin this after surgery when your splint is removed by the hand therapist.
- You may return to sedentary work only or school in 3-4 days after surgery if your pain is tolerable.
- Many patients have difficulty sleeping after elbow surgery. You may find that sleeping in a slightly upright position (ie reclining chair) with a pillow under your forearm will be your most comfortable position. Depending on your problem, I may want you to sleep with your static progressive splint in either flexion or extension. Make sure to have your pain under control before you sleep.
Hand Therapy and Splinting
- Dr. Sablan may order hand therapy before or after your first post-operative appointment, based on the procedure performed.
- The goal of hand therapy is to first assess how your body responded to the surgical procedure. They help you feel comfortable with your surgery and make sure you aren't afraid to start doing things. Your therapist will start range of motion and strength exercises on your first visit.
- The hand therapist will assist you in maintaining the gains in motion that we obtained at the time of surgery.
Follow up appointment:
- We try to give all of our patients a follow-up office visit at the same time we schedule your surgery.
- Typically I want to see my patients in the office 5 to 10 days after surgery.
FOLLOW UP APPOINTMENT: ______________
What to watch out for:
∞ Pain that is increasing every hour in spite of the pain medication
∞ Drainage from the wound more than 2 days after surgery
∞ Increasing redness around the surgical site
∞ Pain or swelling around your surgery
∞ Fever greater than 101.5 degrees.
∞ Unable to keep food or water down for more than one day