Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that orthopaedic surgeons use to diagnose and treat problems in the ankle joint. It uses a thin fiber-optic camera called an arthroscope, which can magnify and transmit images of the ankle, in real time, to a video screen. By making very small incisions, the orthopaedist can insert the arthroscope into the ankle and view or treat the area.
An ankle sprain is a common, painful injury that occurs when one or more of the ankle ligaments is stretched beyond the normal range of motion. Sprains can occur as a result of sudden twisting, turning or rolling movements.
Ankle sprains are categorized by type of motion:
There are three different degrees of ankle sprains from mild to severe. Most sprains are treated with RICE (rest, ice, compression, & elevation) & physical therapy. First degree sprains usually require a wrap, second degree sprains require a brace, and third degree sprains can require a cast, boot, or surgery.
Total ankle replacement, or total ankle arthroplasty, is a surgery that is performed to remove the damaged portions of the ankle bone and cartilage and replace them with artificial components. Ankle replacement surgery is often considered an alternative to ankle fusion.
Ankle replacement is performed to relieve pain as well as to restore and maintain the function of the ankle and foot and to help improve range of motion.
Total ankle replacement will be performed if your condition is severe, or a nonsurgical treatment option will be used if your orthopaedic surgeon recommends it.